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Exclusive: Public Want Test And Trace Taken Off Private Firms
Sept. 21, 2020 · · Original resource · article

Poll shows 74% favour publicly-run system as concerns over contractors like Serco grow.
covid-19
public health
has
ann
nhs
school, bar, nhs, urge, reopen
business, remote, tourism, market, job
The Supply of Disinformation Will Soon Be Infinite
Sept. 20, 2020 · · Original resource · article

Disinformation campaigns used to require a lot of human effort, but artificial intelligence will take them to a whole new level.
disinformation
artificial intelligence
ai
russia
like, ease, stop, critic, away
herd, immunity, far, hope, know
A history of herd immunity

The appeal of herd immunity is easy to understand: if it is reached, an epidemic ends. But the illness and death such an approach would require have prompted a strong backlash. The language of herd immunity is part of the problem. A herd usually describes domesticated animals, especially livestock. Herd animals like cows, goats, or sheep are sacrificed for human consumption. Few humans want to be part of that kind of herd.
covid-19
transmission
epidemiology
feasibility
history
herd immunity
language
definition
morality
vaccine, trial, approve, drug, healthy
herd, immunity, far, hope, know
Changes in risk perception and self-reported protective behaviour during the first week of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States

Efforts to change behaviour are critical in minimizing the spread of highly transmissible pandemics such as COVID-19. However, it is unclear whether individuals are aware of disease risk and alter their behaviour early in the pandemic. We investigated risk perception and self-reported engagement in protective behaviours in 1591 United States-based individuals cross-sectionally and longitudinally over the first week of the pandemic. Subjects demonstrated growing awareness of risk and reported engaging in protective behaviours with increasing frequency but underestimated their risk of infection relative to the average person in the country. Social distancing and hand washing were most strongly predicted by the perceived probability of personally being infected. However, a subgroup of individuals perceived low risk and did not engage in these behaviours. Our results highlight the importance of risk perception in early interventions during large-scale pandemics.
covid-19
safety
compliance
usa
behavioral science
longitudinal change
risk perception
survey
protective behavior
behavior change
early stage
vaccination, adherence, hesitancy, uptake, sectional
intention, behavior, message, guideline, preventive
Louis Lederman: NHS workers need protecting too
June 1, 2020 · · Original resource · blog

Once this pandemic is over, we should thank NHS staff in real terms, argues Louis Lederman
covid-19
protection
policy
nhs
compensation
support
staff
school, bar, nhs, urge, reopen
like, ease, stop, critic, away
Should face masks be worn to contain the spread of COVID-19 in the postlockdown phase?

BackgroundIn East Asia, face masks are commonly worn to reduce viral spread. In Euope and North America, however, their use has been stigmatised for a long time, although this view has radically changed during the ongoing severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic. Notwithstanding this, it is still unclear whether face masks worn by COVID-19 carriers may indeed prevent viral transmission and environmental contamination. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of surgical face masks in filtering SARS-CoV-2. MethodsFour male patients with COVID-19 were recruited for the study. Two patients wore a surgical mask for 5 h, while two others did not. The spread of the virus in the environment was evaluated through the approved Allplex 2019-nCoV assay.ResultsIn the room with the two patients without surgical masks, the swab performed on the headboard and sides of the beds was positive for SARS-CoV-2 contamination. In the other room, where two patients were wearing surgical masks, all of the swabs obtained after 5 h tested negative.ConclusionsThe results of the current study add to the growing body of literature supporting the use of face masks as a measure to contain the spread of SARS-CoV-2 by retaining potentially contagious droplets that can infect other people and/or contaminate surfaces. Based on the current evidence, face masks should therefore be considered a useful and low-cost device in addition to social distancing and hand hygiene during the postlockdown phase.
covid-19
safety behavior
face mask
effectiveness
transmission prevention
risk mitigation
post-pandemic
droplet
sars, respiratory, clinical, cov, syndrome
airborne, air, wear, mask, aerosol
Offline: Remembering the scientists

As much as people might be fearful today, and as much as important aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic remain to be understood, medical science has illuminated a path not only to understanding the biology of this coronavirus but also to defining ways to control its spread. The international research community has provided the foundation for protecting and strengthening our societies. Despite political disagreements and policy uncertainties, there is one proposition we can perhaps agree on—scientists, from molecular biologists to mathematical modellers, epidemiologists to pathologists, have mobilised their skills as never before. Their contributions must be remembered.
covid-19
expert
scientist
contribution
researcher
security
compensation
humanity, statistic, wrong, communicate, fit
step, offline, fight, hardcover, horton
Assessing the impact of coordinated COVID-19 exit strategies across Europe

As rates of new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases decline across Europe owing to nonpharmaceutical interventions such as social distancing policies and lockdown measures, countries require guidance on how to ease restrictions while minimizing the risk of resurgent outbreaks. We use mobility and case data to quantify how coordinated exit strategies could delay continental resurgence and limit community transmission of COVID-19. We find that a resurgent continental epidemic could occur as many as 5 weeks earlier when well-connected countries with stringent existing interventions end their interventions prematurely. Further, we find that appropriate coordination can greatly improve the likelihood of eliminating community transmission throughout Europe. In particular, synchronizing intermittent lockdowns across Europe means that half as many lockdown periods would be required to end continent-wide community transmission.
covid-19
big data
transmission
risk
epidemiology
modeling
mobility
loosening restrictions
lockdown cessation
europe
assessment
coordination
exit strategy
tackle, european, fund, database, indonesia
mobility, crime, gdp, employment, restriction
The unfolding COVID-19 pandemic: A probability-based, nationally representative study of mental health in the U.S.

The COVID-19 pandemic is a collective stressor unfolding over time, yet rigorous published empirical studies addressing mental health consequences of COVID-19 among large probability-based national samples are rare. Between 3/18-4/18/20, during an escalating period of illness and death in the United States, we assessed acute stress, depressive symptoms and direct, community, and media-based exposures to COVID-19 in three consecutive representative samples across three 10-day periods (total N=6,514) from the U.S. probability-based nationally representative NORC AmeriSpeak panel. Acute stress and depressive symptoms increased significantly over time as COVID-19 deaths increased across the U.S. Pre-existing mental and physical health diagnoses, daily hours of COVID-19-related media exposure, exposure to conflicting COVID-19 information in media, and secondary stressors were all associated with acute stress and depressive symptoms. Results have implications for targeting of public health interventions and risk communication efforts to promote community resilience as the pandemic waxes and wanes over time.
covid-19
big data
susceptibility
usa
longitudinal change
mental health
stress
depression
exposure
risk factor
stress, psychological, emotion, depressive, cope
longitudinal, depression, anxiety, distress, association
A few tiny steps towards transparency: how the Sunshine Act shone light on industry’s influence in medicine
Sept. 17, 2020 · · Original resource · article · DOI: 10.1136/bmj.m3229

The Sunshine Act shed some light on industry influence over medicine. Paul D Thacker helped pass the bill but says one small step for medicine is no giant leap for science
usa
scientific practice
open data
research
open science
medicine
investigation
cdc, doctor, trump, eviction, official
step, offline, fight, hardcover, horton